GlassesPediatric Optometrist – Family Corner

Vision care for children: an overview

  • At birth, a check for congenital eye defects
  • As children grow, their vision changes. Guarding children’s eye health and guiding their visual development are primary roles of parents and caregivers.
  • At birth, a baby’s first medical examination includes a check for congenital eye defects. Although rare, early diagnosis of these problems is important to preserve sight. Pediatrics and eye doctors (optometrists or ophthalmologists) can usually correct most eye problems ? but only if spotted early.
  • Premature babies have a greater chance of developing certain eye problems, such as astigmatism and strabismus (misaligned eyes). Some babies are born with crossed-eyes (esotropia), a problem that happens when eye muscles are too tight or the baby is very farsighted.

At 3 to 4 months, parents should consult an eye doctor if the baby:

  • Cannot focus on or follow an object with both eyes
  • Has difficulty moving one or both eyes in all directions
  • Usually has crossed eyes
  • Has one or both eye that tend to wander outward

From birth to age 7

  • One or both eyes may turn outward (exotropia), rarely at first, then more often.
  • The child may squint when outside in bright sun. Again, the eye muscles are responsible. Parents should consult an eye doctor.

Baby’s first visit to the eye doctor

  • (Optometrist or Ophthalmologist) should occur at about 6 months.
  • During a thorough examination, the eye doctor will test both of baby’s eyes for extreme or uneven nearsightedness, farsightedeness and astigmatism.
  • He or she will check the baby’s eye movements and eye health.
  • Problems with vision development and eye health are uncommon in infants, but most easily treated, if caught early.
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